The ports of Bergen, Oslo and Tromsø have been named as designated points of entry in line with the emergency preparedness and response provisions of the International Health regulations (IHR) These are ports tasked with specific duties during events that may have severe implications for international public health, such as COVID-19.
As designated points of entry, the ports may be used to receive vessels as part of their emergency preparedness and response capacities if a serious event occurs. If required due to nature of the situation, such as risk of widespread COVID-19 infection, inadequate port facilities with limited resources, or strained capacities because of the circumstances, the International Health Regulations allow for ships to be ordered to proceed to the nearest suitable designated port.
The regulations allow for health authorities to implement measures directed at persons and ships, including quarantine of vessels. It is also stipulated that ships shall not be refused for public health reasons to enter a port or to discharge or load cargo or stores, and shall be permitted to take on fuel, water, food, and supplies (§ 17).
Pursuant to the Act Relating to the Control of Communicable Diseases, it is up to health authorities, and not the port, to decide whether or not persons are permitted to disembark.
The Norwegian Directorate of Health will designate the ports, airports and ground crossings tasked with specific duties during events that may have severe implications for international public health.
It is the responsibility of municipalities to ensure that designated ports have access to adequate premises and the personnel and equipment required for control of passengers, baggage, cargo, containers, transport means, human biological material, mail and goods, including animals and plants, to protect against events that may have severe implications for international public health.